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⌘Propagation scenario (ITU-R)

Typical Propagation parameters
Radio coverage [km2] Distance [km] speed of mobile [km/h] type of cell
Indoor office environment 0.01 0.1 3 picocell in open space environment
Pedestrian mode 4 2 3 Microcell
Vehicle 150 13 120 Macrocell
  • see page 31 of ETSI TR 101 120 report for test environments
  • impact on walls?

⌘Propagation models

  • Environments (indoor, outdoor to indoor, vehicular)
  • outside (Lee, Okumura, Hata, Unik/COST231-Hata, Unik/COST231-Walfish-Ikegami)
  • inside (One-slope, multiwall, linear attenuation)


  • T.K. Sarkar, J. Zhong, K. Kyungjung, A. Medouri, M. Salazar-Palma, "A survey of various propagation models for mobile communications", IEEE Ant. Prop. Magazine, 2003, 45(3) 51-82
  • M Hata, "Empirical formula for propagationloss in land mobile radio service". IEEE Trans Vehicular Technology, 1980, vol 29, pp 317-325
  • F Ikekami, S Yoshida, T Takeuchi, M Umehira, "Propagation factors controlling mean field strength on urban streets", IEEE Trans Ant. Prop., 1984, 32(8), 822-829
  • T.S. Rappaport, S. Sandhu, "Rdaio Wave propagation for Emergin Wireless Personal Communication Systems", IEEE Ant. Prop. Magazine, 1994, 36(5), 14-23

we will focus only on ETSI models: statistical models to generate path losses and time delay structures for paths in each test environment.

(Source: Cost259, page 80ff, and ETSI TR 101 120)

⌘ Mobile Propagation References


  • Eurescom P921: UMTS radio access, http://www.eurescom.de D2-UMTS radio access
  • ETSI / ITU propagation channels (Vehicular A/B, Outdoor to indoor A/B)