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Public Reports by UiO and Basic Internet Foundation

Policies and Solutions for Implementing Digital Inclusion on a Global Scale

The White paper was authored by: Josef Noll (UiO), Tale Skjølsvik (OsloMet), Hilde Opoku (NTNU), Frank Reichert (UiA), Jörn Klein (USN), Arne H. Krumsvik (Kristiania).

The purpose of this document is to suggest strategies for implementing digital inclusion in developing economies. Demanding affordable Internet access is not only part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it was further stressed by the United Nations, Governments, the Internet Society, NGOs and local communities.

Policies and Solutions for Digital Inclusion, see Media:Policies_Solution_DigitalInclusion.pdf

cite as: J. Noll, T. Skjølsvik, H. Opoku, F. Reichert, J. Klein, A.H. Krumsvik, "Policies and Solutions for Digital Inclusion",, 4Nov2020

Impact of School Connectivity on Societal Empowerment

The paper was authored by Josef Noll (University of Oslo & Basic Internet Foundation), Catherine R. Kimambo (African Child Projects & Basic Internet Foundation), Peter Mmbando (Internet Society)

The purpose of this document is to describe the impact of school connectivity on societal empowerment in Tanzania. The pilot of connecting 10 schools aims at establishing sustainable business models for the operational expenditures (OPEX), and involves all actors in the value chain. Together with the Universal Communications Service Access Fund (UCSAF), Mobile Operators, UNICEF and the Internet Society, we see school connectivity as a first step for establishing access to information in local communities and thus contribute to digital inclusion. Demanding affordable Internet access is not only part of the Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs), it was further stressed by the United Nations, Governments, the Internet Society, NGOs and local communities.

Impact of School Connectivity on Societal Empowerment, see Media:Impact_SchoolConnectivity.pdf

Final Report on School Connectivity in TZ - Phase II (Oct 2022)

50 schools connected in Tanzania in 2022

See video File:50Schools connected TZ 2022.mp4

Final Report School Connectivity TZ (May2021)

See the video presenting the results:

Final Report School Connectivity TZ (May2021) Media:FinalReport_SchoolConnectivity2021_TZ.pdf

Catherine R. Kimambo from African Child established the School Connectivity pilot project (“SchoolConnect”), connected 10 government secondary schools in urban and rural Tanzania as a collaborative project involving

  • Public actors including as UCSAF, MCIT, Tamisemi, and CosTech,
  • Telecom operators TTCL, Vodacom and Halotel
  • NGOs and SMEs including Shuledirect, African Child, and Basic Internet Foundation.

The main focus of the School Connectivity project was to demonstrate the feasibility for an OPEX of less than 20 USD/month for the connectivity. The solution for connectivity provides the Internet through the mobile network, with a reliable school server providing students with a digital education platform, as well as connection to “Internet Lite”. The success of this program, together with the experiences from school connectivity through other programs, will create the proof of concept that connectivity of schools is affordable, and at the same time demonstrate the importance of the Internet in advancing the education system in Tanzania and urge the incorporation of digital education as part of the learning curriculum to improve the quality of education in secondary schools across Tanzania.

Sustainable Business Models for Connectivity and DPGs

Sustainable Business Models for DPGs, see Media:SustainableBusinessModels4DPGs.pdf

Members from 6 countries have established the report Sustainable Business Models for a Meaningful Connectivity to Digital Public Goods in Dec2020. The authors are Josef Noll (University of Oslo (UiO), Norway), Danica Radovanović (Basic Internet Foundation, Serbia), Jabhera Matogoro (Tanzania Community Networks Alliance), Rashid Ally (Bayama Orphanage and Community Services (BOACSE), Tanzania), Joseph Bishi (Chairman, Community Networks, Zimbabwe), Addisalem Genta (Aambo University, Ethiopia), Catherine Kimambo (African Child, Tanzania), Sarbani Banerjee Belur (IIT Bombay, India), Barrack Otieno (AHERI, Kenya)

Yeboo Village Portal development

Yeboo Village Portal/Platform Development - working with communities worldwide to establish a decentralised community network portal

Call for Action: University Collaboration for Digital Inclusion

Establishing a worldwide University collaboration for digital inclusion, where managing trusted information and free access to this information are the core components of the collaboration. - established, see

University Collaboration for Digital Inclusion, see Media:DigitalInclusion_University_Collaboration.pdf for details