The effect of digitisation in the construction industry, applied to a specific case


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Case Study for Digitisation in the Construction Industry

by Kamalan Rashasingham
Supervisor(s) Josef Noll, Lars Kristian Hunn
Due date 2018/12/17
Status Ongoing
Problem description: Industry has defined digitisation as the main game changer, notably as Industrie 4.0. According to the European Union, Industrie 4.0 is the way to promote environmentally and socially sustainable manufacturing and construction. One of the key elements is to create economically and environmentally sustainable value chains.

This master thesis will perform an analysis of the global trends within digitisation for the construction industries, and will compare the trends with a specific implementation in the area of Bjørvika, Oslo. The thesis will first focus on aspects of digitisation, being related to technology, work processes and organisation. Typical examples from literature studies will illustrate the grade of digitisation, and include an analysis of implementation strategies. The goals of this first part of the study are to identify the parameters for optimisation, and which implications an optimisation will have with respect to strategic, technology and business implications.

The second part of the thesis is the comparison with a specific construction case. Our industrial partner AF Gruppen has identified Bjørvika close to the city centre of Oslo as the location of the case study. Thus, a first step includes establishing the starting conditions of this real-world implementation given aspects like the context of the construction site, competence, technology, tools and common praxis. The second step will establish the ambitions of the constructor, and analyse the challenges linked to these ambitions. Specific aspects to be addressed include digitisation strategies, implementation plans and and processes around implementation.

The third part of the thesis will compare the theoretical findings with the analysis of the specific construction site. The approach visits the results being achieved, lists best praxis examples, and establishes a strategy on how to reach the digitisation goals. As compared to the best praxis from literature, strategies will be established and discussed for approaching the potential goals described in literature.

Methods and Tools: The tools and methods in this thesis are based on
  • A set of scenario, describing the challenges
  • A list of requirements being extracted from the scenarios
  • A description and evaluation of technologies and tools being candidates for solutions
  • A functional architecture/description of the envisaged system
  • An implementation of the core concepts
  • A demonstration of the solution
  • An evaluation of the solution, including a critical review of the descisions taken earlier
  • Conclusions
  • References
Time schedule The envisaged time schedule (for a long thesis/60 ECTS) is - need to adopted to this short thesis
T0 0 starting wee, T0+m denotes the wee where the contribution to a certain chapter shall be finalized
T0+2 weeks: create an initial page describing the scenario
T0+3: Provide a list of technologies which you think are necessary for the thesis
T0+4: Establish the table of content (TOC) of the envisaged thesis. Each section shall contain 3-10 keywords describing the content of that section
T0+7: Provide a draft of section 2 (scenario) and 3 (technologies)
T0+10: Establish a draft on what to implement/architecture
T0+11: Set-up an implementation, testing and evaluation plan
T0+15: Evaluate your solution based on a set of parameters, keep in mind there is no such thing as a free lunch
T0+17: Deliver the thesis (21Dec2018)
Approved Pending by
Keywords Construction, Digitisation

this page was created by Special:FormEdit/Thesis, and can be edited by Special:FormEdit/Thesis/The effect of digitisation in the construction industry, applied to a specific case

This page provides hints on what to include in your master thesis.


  • ongoing work: define TOC with keywords and expected outcome
  • Discussions PEM model Media:PEM_model.pdf


Title page, abstract, ... (use UiO template from the very beginning)

1. Introduction, containing: short intro into the area, what is happening
1.1 Motivation, containing: what triggered me to write about what I'm writing about
1.2 Methods, containing: which methods are you using, how do you apply them: Literature analysis, interview, observations,
2. Scenario, optional chapter for explaining some use cases
2.1 user scenario Bjørvika
2.2 Requirements/Technological challenges: a) literature review, best praxis b) how to perform use case analysis
3. State-of-the art/Analysis of technology, structure your content after hardware/SW (or other domains). Describe which technologies might be used to answer the challenges, and how they can answer the challenges
3.1 Literature review - digitisation in construction
3.2? Bjørvika plans and goals
3.3 analysis of processes++ in AF Gruppen
4. Comparative analysis of digitisation in Bjørvika
4.1 functionality, goals
5. Evaluation: a) results of your work, b) revisited method and work performed
6. Conclusions

For all of these chapters, create a list of keywords and the expected outcome

in addition, have one chapter called open issues/questions. Here you place all "disturbing elements", such that you can concentrate on writing


Red line

Your thesis should have a "red line", which is visible throughout the whole thesis. This means you should mention in the beginning of each chapter how the chapter contributes to the "goals of the thesis".

Use of scientific methods

A thesis follows a standard method:

  • describe the problem (problemstilling)
  • extract the challenges. These challenges should be measurable, e.g. method is too slow to be useful to voice handover.
  • Analyse technology with respect to challenges. Don't write & repeat "everything" from a certain technology, concentrate on those parts (e.g. protocols) which are of importance for your problem


  • Wikipedia is good to use to get an overview on what is happening. But there is not scientific verification of Wikipedia, thus you should use wikipedia only in the introduction of a chapter (if you use text from wikipedia). Use scientific literature for your thesis.
  • Scientific library is "at your hand", you can get there directly from UiO: [[How to get access to IEEE, Springer and other scientific literature -> Unik/UiOLibrary]]
  • I suggest that references to web pages, e.g. OASIS, W3C standards, are given in a footnote. Only if you find white papers or other .pdf documents on a web page then you refer to them in the reference section.

Evaluation of own work

Perform an evaluation of your own work. Revisit the challenges and discuss in how you fulfilled them. Provide alternative solution and discuss what should be done (or what could have been done).